On this dayJul 01, 1965
Alabama Sheriff Padlocks Black Church to Prevent Discussion of Civil Rights
On July 1, 1965, a white sheriff in Camden, Alabama, forced people to leave and then padlocked the doors of the Antioch Baptist Church—a Black church where leaders were discussing civil rights—even though he did not have the authority to do so.
Community members from the Summer Community Organization and Political Education (SCOPE) group had been meeting at the church for several months, working to promote Black voter registration in Alabama and the rest of the South. According to the 1960 census, Black residents made up over 75% of the population of Wilcox County, but in the 1964 election, no Black people were registered to vote in Wilcox County because of established practices and laws passed with the intent of suppressing the Black vote that were enforced in discriminatory ways to achieve that result.
When people at the church began registering Black voters, they were quickly targeted by the white community. Two days before Sheriff P.C. Jenkins evicted people in the church, a group of white men had broken into the church and severely beaten two Black teenagers, inflicting injuries so severe that they were both hospitalized. Rather than providing protection from this violence, on July 1, Sheriff Jenkins announced that the church had been the cause of “too much disturbance,” and gave people only a few hours to clear out their belongings before putting a padlock on the door.
Though Sheriff Jenkins claimed that at least one church leader had expressed opposition to having the church involved in civil rights activism, the following day the Chairman of the Board of Deacons denied that claim, and two weeks later the congregation and board of the church unanimously voted to support the church’s involvement in registering Black voters.
Read EJI’s report on Segregation in America to learn more about how local white officials targeted civil rights activists and the Black church in their quest to uphold segregation.